TIPIṬAKA


The Tipiṭaka (Pali ti, "three," + piṭaka, "baskets"), or Pali canon, is the collection of primary Pali language texts which form the doctrinal foundation of Theravada Buddhism. The Tipiṭaka and the paracanonical Pali texts (commentaries, chronicles, etc.) together constitute the complete body of classical Theravada texts.

The Pali canon is a vast body of literature: in English translation the texts add up to thousands of printed pages. Most (but not all) of the Canon has already been published in English over the years. Although only a small fraction of these texts are available on this website, this collection can be a good place to start.

The three divisions of the Tipiṭaka are:

I. Vinaya Piṭaka
The collection of texts concerning the rules of conduct governing the daily affairs within the Sangha — the community of bhikkhus (ordained monks) and bhikkhunis (ordained nuns). Far more than merely a list of rules, the Vinaya Pitaka also includes the stories behind the origin of each rule, providing a detailed account of the Buddha's solution to the question of how to maintain communal harmony within a large and diverse spiritual community.

II. Sutta Piṭaka
The collection of suttas, or discourses, attributed to the Buddha and a few of his closest disciples, containing all the central teachings of Theravada Buddhism. (More than one thousand sutta translations are available on this website.) The suttas are divided among five nikayas (collections):
  Digha Nikaya — the "long collection"
  Majjhima Nikaya — the "middle-length collection"
  Samyutta Nikaya — the "grouped collection"
  Anguttara Nikaya — the "further-factored collection"
  Khuddaka Nikaya — the "collection of little texts":
        Khuddakapatha
        Dhammapada
        Udana
        Itivuttaka
        Sutta Nipata
        Vimanavatthu
        Petavatthu
        Theragatha
        Therigatha
        Jataka
        Niddesa
        Patisambhidamagga
        Apadana
        Buddhavamsa
        Cariyapitaka
        Nettippakarana (included only in the Burmese edition of the Tipitaka)
        Petakopadesa (included only in the Burmese edition of the Tipitaka)
        Milindapañha (included only in the Burmese edition of the Tipitaka)

III. Abhidhamma Piṭaka
The collection of texts in which the underlying doctrinal principles presented in the Suttapiṭaka are reworked and reorganized into a systematic framework that can be applied to an investigation into the nature of mind and matter.


© Access to Insight (Legacy Edition), 02.05. 2013, http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/abhi/index.html .
Eesti theravaada sangha estonian theravada sangha andrus kahn thitanano bhikkhu Ṭhitañāṇo bhikkhu Head of Estonian Sangha